Has Gertrude Stein a Secret?

Skinner's essay on Gertrude Stein's automatic writing traces its origins to her participation in psychology experiments under the supervision of Hugo Munsterberg, sometime mentor of William Moulton Marston, inventor of the Lie Detector.

As Skinner notes, turn of the century experiments in automatic writing were scientific companions to the popular parlor games being patented by Bond, Fuld and others: talking boards, planchettes, or ouija boards, often grouped together with lie detectors in patent applications through the mutable term Psychograph.

These devices were the subject of multiple patent improvements, and became increasingly lavish in construction, eventually including battery powered electrification.